Tuesday, 05 September 2023 00:00

Understanding the Origins and Telltale Signs of a Bunion

Bunions, a prevalent foot condition, can cast a shadow on even the most graceful strides. A bunion, or hallux valgus, emerges when the joint at the base of the big toe shifts out of alignment, causing the toe to lean toward the other toes. The reasons why bunions may develop can vary, often stemming from genetic predisposition. Additionally, wearing ill-fitting footwear that squeezes the toes, or conditions that impact foot mechanics may lead to getting a bunion. The symptoms manifest as a bony bump at the base of the big toe, accompanied by pain, swelling, and redness. As the condition progresses, the affected toe may cross over or under the adjacent toe, causing discomfort and it can be difficult to find comfortable shoes. Recognizing the definition, causes, and symptoms of bunions is crucial in seeking the correct treatment. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the relief and treatment options that are best for you.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Kokomo Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Contact Us . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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